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Programming language: Crystal
License: MIT License
Tags: Misc    
Latest version: v0.1.0

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README

ULID

Linux Build Shards version

A Crystal port of alizain/ulid.

[Logo][logo-image]

Universally Unique Lexicographically Sortable Identifier

UUID can be suboptimal for many uses-cases because:

  • It isn't the most character efficient way of encoding 128 bits of randomness
  • The string format itself is apparently based on the original MAC & time version (UUIDv1 from Wikipedia)
  • It provides no other information than randomness

Instead, herein is proposed ULID:

  • 128-bit compatibility with UUID
  • 1.21e+24 unique ULIDs per millisecond
  • Lexicographically sortable!
  • Canonically encoded as a 26 character string, as opposed to the 36 character UUID
  • Uses Crockford's base32 for better efficiency and readability (5 bits per character)
  • Case insensitive
  • No special characters (URL safe)

Installation

Add this to your application's shard.yml:

dependencies:
  ulid:
    github: SuperPaintman/ulid

Usage

require "ulid"

ULID.generate
# => "01B3EAF48P97R8MP9WS6MHDTZ3"

Seed Time

You can also input a seed time which will consistently give you the same string for the time component. This is useful for migrating to ulid.

ULID.generate Time.now + 5.second
# => "01ARYZ6S41TSV4RRFFQ69G5FAV"

Specification

Below is the current specification of ULID as implemented in this repository.

Components

Timestamp

  • 48 bit integer
  • UNIX-time in milliseconds
  • Won't run out of space till the year 10895 AD.

Randomness

  • 80 bits
  • Cryptographically secure source of randomness, if possible

Sorting

The left-most character must be sorted first, and the right-most character sorted last (lexical order). The default ASCII character set must be used. Within the same millisecond, sort order is not guaranteed

Encoding

Crockford's Base32 is used as shown. This alphabet excludes the letters I, L, O, and U to avoid confusion and abuse.

0123456789ABCDEFGHJKMNPQRSTVWXYZ

Binary Layout and Byte Order

The components are encoded as 16 octets. Each component is encoded with the Most Significant Byte first (network byte order).

0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                      32_bit_uint_time_low                     |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|     16_bit_uint_time_high     |       16_bit_uint_random      |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                       32_bit_uint_random                      |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                       32_bit_uint_random                      |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

String Representation

 01AN4Z07BY      79KA1307SR9X4MV3
|----------|    |----------------|
 Timestamp           Entropy
  10 chars           16 chars
   48bits             80bits
   base32             base32

Test

crystal spec

Contributing

  1. Fork it (https://github.com/SuperPaintman/ulid/fork)
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b feature/<feature_name>)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Added some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin feature/<feature_name>)
  5. Create a new Pull Request

Contributors


API

Docs


Changelog

[Changelog][changelog-url]


License

[MIT][license-url]


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the ulid README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.